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The Black Current was first published in filling Station #55: The Northern BC Issue.

References and Notes

This story was originally published as fiction without the references but it is really a piece of non-fiction and I am indebted to a number of different sources.

Page 1, Page 4, Page 5 – Kazu Maru

The story of the Kazu Maru is on a plaque beside the boat in the Pacific Mariner’s Memorial Park in Prince Rupert and it has be reported by a number of newspaper articles. I was especially inspired by Bruce Wishart’s “The Japanese Fisherman,” from The Northern View, 2010 and Tom Hawthorn’s “Tsunami debris needs to be treated with respect,” from The Globe and Mail, Nov 11, 2011.

The story has also been reported in a quite few blogs including,

Picture of Coast Guard boat –

Page 2 – Charles Melville Hay

I read about the limited embalming supplies and the burials at sea at an exhibit on the Titanic at The Rooms in St. John’s, Newfoundland in 2012 –

Page 3 – Prince Rupert

Tsimshian – Small pox and Gunboats

South African family

Various news articles including:

Page 4, Page 5 – The Black Current

The description of the Black Current comes from Ebbesmeyer, Curtis and Scigliano, Eric, “Borne on a Black Current,”, June 16, 2009 and Ebbesmeyer, Curtis, Flotsametrics and the Floating World, HarperCollins Publishers, 2009.

The images of the ocean currents are from screenshots I took from NASA’s Perpetual Ocean which is really cool to watch: